Riga : more names and places

The main street of Riga: Alexander Boulevard.
The oldest name of this main street of Riga was Smilšu (sand)way. In 1812 the Alexander-arch was build on the street, a triumph arch in honour of the victory of Alexander I over Napoleon.
So the street was called around 1818 Alexanderstreet and in 1861 ‘Great Alexanderstreet’.
In the guide of Neumann -from 1908 (see literature below)- you can read that the tsar by this ‘Denkmal zu Ehren des beliebten Monarchen’ on 28 august 1818 held his entry to Riga after his return from Paris.
According this guide the building hindered the traffic -already then- and the Alexandergate was replaced to the end of the Alexanderstreet on the city-border.
In 1936 the triumphal arch is replaced to the park Viestura verplaatst (north of the Elizabethstreet). This park was the first public city-park, in 1721 on order of Peter the Great constructed as ‘Emperors garden’.
In 1870 a part of the Alexanderstreet get the name Alexander Boulevard, now a part of the Brivīdas Boulevard.
In 1923 the name Brivības-street, Freedom Street, is introduced.
During the German occupation in World War II the name became Adolf Hitlerstreet (1942 tot 1944) and the Brivīdas Boulevard became of course Adolf Hitler Boulevard.
In 1950 Brivīdasstreet, Brivīdasboulevard and -alley, Kalku and Svertuvesstreet were united to the Leninstreet.

The picture of the card above is nice, but we are philatelists: the postmark is usual, but you see also the postage due postmark of Riga! The stamp is missing, and so: postage due.

On a detail of the map in the Baedeker 1912 you see in the lengthening of Kalku street: Alexander Boulevard. In the street was also placed the Equestrian statue of Peter the Great, we have seen here before.

 

 

Here below a card from Riga to Middelburg (Netherlands) with the theatre of Riga:

The address-side of this card:

The postmark of Riga is one-rings, ‘cross-date’.
In circular 13 of 5 April 1890 the instruction arrived to use Roman numerals for new stamps. This happened on suggestion of the U.P.U., the Universal Postal Union.
Also the postmarks in Russia change in the ‘crossed date’-type. In the middle the day stays first, under it the month (in Roman numerals), left of the whole the century and right the rest of the year.
Another card with the theatre.

The postmark is Riga, but the date is not clear.

About the theatre on the two cards above: the National Opera House was constructed in 1863 by the St. Petersburg architect Ludwig Bohnstedt, for the then German-speaking City Theatre. The present -as on the cards- was build on the site of the old German theatre, after a fire in 1882.
The theatre become the National Opera House in 1919, and the National Theatre moved elsewhere.

 

Pilsētas kanāls, the city’s old moat, once protected the medieval interior from invaders:
The adress-side of this card above:

The card is sent from Riga Station (the oval postmark) to АРНСБУРГЬ (ARENSBURG), the Estonian Kuressaare.
Alt Riga, Old Riga.

Card with a view on the Powder Tower in Riga.
In 1919 the War Museum was established in it. The Powder Tower was restructured in the years 1937 to 1940 when it was included to the structure of the Latvian War Museum.

The origonal name is Sand Tower, built in 1330.
It was destroyed by invading Swedish troops in 1621, but rebuilt -the present appearance- in 1650.  In the 17th century it was named the Powder Tower due to gunpowder stored there.

The card is sent in 1914 to Antwerp in Belgium.
On the address side of the card is indicated:
ПЕЧАТНОЕ [PECHATNOE] = Printing(work)
ПРОИЗВЕДЕНІЕ [PROIZVENIE] = Work.
The rate for a card abroad was 4 kopecks in the period 19-03-1899 – 15-08-1917, but for printing matter the rate was 2 kopecks. The card is franked with 3 kopecks (rate of an inland postcard). The address side of the card:

The sender was member of GLOBUS, a society of collectors of picture cards. In the corner right above is probably handwritten indicated марка (postage stamp) on the front side.